win32渐变颜色矩形函数

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#define FILL_STYLE_VERTICAL	0
#define FILL_STYLE_HORIZONTAL	1
 
void fillGradientRect(HDC hdc, RECT *rc, COLORREF fromRGB, COLORREF toRGB, int fillStyle)
{
	BITMAPINFO bmpInfo;
	memset(&bmpInfo, 0, sizeof(bmpInfo));
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biWidth = rc->right - rc->left;
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biHeight = rc->bottom - rc->top;
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biPlanes = 1;
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biBitCount = 32;
	bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;
 
	BYTE *rgbBuffer = (BYTE *)malloc(bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biWidth * bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biHeight * 4);
 
	int width = bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biWidth;
	int height = bmpInfo.bmiHeader.biHeight;
 
	int rStart = fromRGB & 0xFF;
	int rEnd = toRGB & 0xFF;
	int gStart = (fromRGB & 0xFF00) >> 8;
	int gEnd = (toRGB & 0xFF00) >> 8;
	int bStart = (fromRGB & 0xFF0000) >> 16;
	int bEnd = (toRGB & 0xFF0000) >> 16;
	if (FILL_STYLE_VERTICAL == fillStyle)
	{
		double rStep = (rEnd - rStart) * 1.0 / height;
		double gStep = (gEnd - gStart) * 1.0 / height;
		double bStep = (bEnd - bStart) * 1.0 / height;
		for (int y = 0; y < height; y++)
		{
			BYTE r = (BYTE)(rStart + rStep * y);
			BYTE g = (BYTE)(gStart + gStep * y);
			BYTE b = (BYTE)(bStart + bStep * y);
			for (int x = 0; x < width; x++)
			{
				BYTE *p = rgbBuffer + ((height - y) * width - (width - x)) * 4;
				*p++ = b;
				*p++ = g;
				*p++ = r;
			}
		}
	}
	else
	{
		double rStep = (rEnd - rStart) * 1.0 / width;
		double gStep = (gEnd - gStart) * 1.0 / width;
		double bStep = (bEnd - bStart) * 1.0 / width;
		for (int x = 0; x < width; x++)
		{
			BYTE r = (BYTE)(rStart + rStep * x);
			BYTE g = (BYTE)(gStart + gStep * x);
			BYTE b = (BYTE)(bStart + bStep * x);
			for (int y = 0; y < height; y++)
			{
				BYTE *p = rgbBuffer + ((height - y) * width - (width - x)) * 4;
				*p++ = b;
				*p++ = g;
				*p++ = r;
			}
		}
	}
 
	StretchDIBits(hdc, rc->left, rc->top, width, height, 0, 0, width, height, rgbBuffer, &bmpInfo, DIB_RGB_COLORS, SRCCOPY);
 
	free(rgbBuffer);
}
 
void CMFCApplicationDlg::OnPaint()
{
	CPaintDC dc(this);
	CRect rc(50, 50, 200, 200);
	fillGradientRect(dc.m_hDC, rc, RGB(255, 0, 255), RGB(0, 255, 0), FILL_STYLE_HORIZONTAL);
 
	CDialogEx::OnPaint();
}

win32限制改变窗口大小

响应WM_SIZING消息,消息函数中做如下处理

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void CDemoDlg::OnSizing(UINT fwSide, LPRECT pRect)
{
	if (pRect->right - pRect->left < minWidth_)
	{
		if (fwSide == WMSZ_LEFT
			|| fwSide == WMSZ_TOPLEFT
			|| fwSide == WMSZ_BOTTOMLEFT)
		{
			pRect->left = pRect->right - minWidth_;
		}
		else
			pRect->right = pRect->left + minWidth_;
	}
	if (pRect->bottom - pRect->top < memHdcHeight_)
	{
		if (fwSide == WMSZ_TOP
			|| fwSide == WMSZ_TOPLEFT
			|| fwSide == WMSZ_TOPRIGHT)
		{
			pRect->top = pRect->bottom - minHeight_;
		}
		else
			pRect->bottom = pRect->top + minHeight_;
	}
 
	CDialogEx::OnSizing(fwSide, pRect);
}

读取jpg文件到HBITMAP

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HBITMAP loadPictureFromFile(LPCTSTR szFile)
{
	HANDLE hFile = CreateFile(szFile, GENERIC_READ, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);
	if (INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE == hFile)
		return NULL;
 
	DWORD dwFileSize = GetFileSize(hFile, NULL);
 
	LPVOID pvData = NULL;
	HGLOBAL hGlobal = GlobalAlloc(GMEM_MOVEABLE, dwFileSize);
 
	pvData = GlobalLock(hGlobal);
 
	DWORD dwBytesRead = 0;
	BOOL bRead = ReadFile(hFile, pvData, dwFileSize, &dwBytesRead, NULL);
	GlobalUnlock(hGlobal);
	CloseHandle(hFile);
 
	LPSTREAM pStm = NULL;
	HRESULT hr = CreateStreamOnHGlobal(hGlobal, TRUE, &pStm);
 
	LPPICTURE gpPicture;
 
	hr = ::OleLoadPicture(pStm, dwFileSize, FALSE, IID_IPicture, (LPVOID *)&gpPicture);
 
	pStm->Release();
 
	OLE_HANDLE picHandle;
	gpPicture->get_Handle(&picHandle);
	HDC hdc = ::CreateCompatibleDC(NULL);
	::SelectObject(hdc, (HGDIOBJ)picHandle);
 
	HBITMAP hRet = (HBITMAP)::GetCurrentObject(hdc, OBJ_BITMAP);
	DeleteDC(hdc);
 
//	gpPicture->Release(); // 这里不能释放gpPicture,否则返回的hRet是野指针数据
 
	return hRet;
}